Euro Typewriter Utility - Typing Instructions
Sorry this is a bit messy. The general concept works as follows:
- If you want to type a letter with an acute accent, type the letter plus a parallel bar (|). Use the appropriate case, lower or upper. For example, "E|" converts to É and "e|" to é.
- To type a character with a grave accent, type the letter followed by a backtick (`). Example: o` --> ò
- To type a character with a circumflex accent, type the letter followed by a caret symbol (^). Example: u^ --> û
- To type a character with diaresis (like an Umlaut in German), type the letter followed by a colon (:). Example: u: --> ü
- To type a character that is made up of two combined characters (Æ, , Ĳ, æ, , ĳ), type a greater-than sign follwed by a less-than sign between the two characters as in the following example: a><e. (The above characters are used in Danish, French and Dutch, respectively.)
- To get a Spanish enye (Ñ, ñ), type N~ or n~. This works for several other letters of the alphabet, as well.
- To get a 'c' with a cedilla (Ç, ç), type C,, or c,, (yes, two commas.) This works for several other letters of the alphabet, as well. For example, you need ş and ţ to type in Rumanian.
Plus, new as of 2015, use an exclamation mark (!) plus code for combining diacritical markers.
- The Germanic Scandinavian languages all use an 'A' with a ring on top. Type that using a trailing 'at' sign: "a@" --> å, "A@" --> Å
- Typing '@c' creates a superscript 'c' (ʿ) which is used in IPA to denote the voiced pharyngeal fricative found in Arabic عمر (Omar --> /ʿomār/).
- A caron (Czech-style upside down caret) is coded as a less-than sign. For example, "c<" --> č and "z<" -->
- An Esperanto-style caret (hat, chapeau, whatever) uses the caret symbol which is found on the '6' key on an English keyboard. These are handled exactly like the circumflex accents on vowels (see above). Ĉu vi parolas Esperante? Ne? Domaĝe.
- Some letters can be typed with a dot above or below by including two trailing periods. Here are some examples:
ċ Ċ ḍ Ḍ ė Ė ġ Ġ ḥ Ḥ ḳ Ḳ ṛ Ṛ ṣ Ṣ ṭ Ṭ ṿ Ṿ ẉ Ẉ
Please note that Ŀ and ŀ are typed using two trailing colons to differentiate them from Ḷ and ḷ which are typed using two trailing dots.
The same is true of ż and Ż which are typed using two trailing colons to differentiate them from Ẓ and ẓ which are likewise typed using two trailing dots.
For Turkish, use 'i..' for the lower-case dotless 'i' (ı) and 'I..' for the upper-case dotted 'i' (İ).
- A Greek-style macron can be accessed for all the vowels and some of the consonants. A breve, too. Use two trailing dashes for the macron and a trailing left parenthesis for the breve. ū, Ē, ă
- Some of the vowels can be typed with a double acute or italicized Umlaut-style accent. Use two parallel bars, eg. ||o --> ő
- All of the vowels and 'R' can be typed with a double grave accent. Use two backticks, eg. r`` --> ȑ
- A variety of odd items can be accessed by escaping a letter with a leading poundsign as in the following examples:
#a --> ɐ
#B --> German 'ess-zett' or Greek beta (see #S below)
#b --> ฿ (Thai Baht currency symbol)
#C --> © (copyright symbol)
#c --> ¢ (the cent symbol)
#D --> Ð (But note that 'D--' --> Đ. They may look the same, but technically, they aren't as can be seen in the lower-case versions.)
#d --> ð (Note that 'd--' --> đ)
#E --> (Euro currency symbol)
#e --> ə (schwa symbol)
#h --> ɦ (phonetic symbol)
#L --> £ (British pound symbol)
#N and #G both write to Ŋ (Upper-case Eng symbol used in IPA)
#n and #g --> ŋ (Lower-case eng)
#O --> ° (degree sign)
#o --> ɔ (phonetic symbol)
#R and #r --> ®
#B and #S both write to ß (the now defunct ess-zett of German)
#s --> ſ (Latin long 's')
#T --> Þ (Old English and modern Icelandic 'thorn'
#t --> þ (lower-case version of above)
#v --> ʌ (phonetic symbol)
#Y and #y both write to ¥ (the Yen currency symbol)
#Z writes to the phonetic symbol 'esh' (ʃ) while #z writes to 'ezh' (ʒ). ()
#! --> ¡ (used in Spanish)
#? --> ¿ (also used in Spanish)
Questions? E-mail me here: firstname.lastname@example.org